ESL Video Quiz: How to carve a pumpkin

Quiz by: ChezTeresaESL
Quiz #: 24686
(ESL Category: listening) Halloween

The first jack-o'-lanterns were carved
centuries ago to ward off evil spirits. Now we
use them to lure little ghosts and goblins to
our home—but the technique remains the same.

Step 1: Choose pumpkin
Choose a pumpkin that's large and smooth with a
stem of at least 2". If you plan to put a
candle inside, choose a gourd that's at least
9" tall.

Pumpkins with smaller stems rot quickly.

Step 2: Draw circle or hexagon
Draw a circle or hexagon on the top of the
pumpkin an inch or two below the stem. Don't
worry if it's not perfect, but make sure it's a
little bigger than your fist.

Step 3: Carve through pattern
Carve through the pattern with a sharp knife—
which requires less force, and is therefore
safer. Angle your cut so the top of your circle
is wider than the bottom, which will ensure
that the top fits snugly in place.

Step 4: Remove top & clean out
Remove the top and clean out the pumpkin's
seeds and stringy membranes with the scooper.
Continue scraping the inside until the walls
are about half an inch thick—otherwise it will
be hard to carve.

For a delicious—and healthy—treat, wash and
sprinkle the seeds with salt, and then toast
them in the oven on a baking sheet.

Step 5: Draw face
Draw the eyes, nose, and mouth—or any other
pattern you want, like perhaps Van Gogh's
famous painting "The Starry Night."

If you're not good at drawing, find a carving
template online or at a store. Fasten it to the
pumpkin and use a thumbtack to poke holes along
the lines.

Step 6: Cut through pattern
Use your knife to cut through the pattern
you've just drawn. Remember that cuts that
connect to each other will remove the entire
piece in between, so cut around anything you
want to stay intact, like teeth or a wart on
the nose.

Step 7: Make cuts & scrapes
Make disconnected cuts and scrapes to allow the
light from inside the pumpkin to shine through
without removing whole pieces, a good technique
for drawing outlines or scenes, or for creating
more definition in a face—like glowing pupils.

To keep the edges from browning before the big
night, dab on a little petroleum jelly to lock
in moisture.

Step 8: Place candle
Place a small candle and light it when you're
ready to show off your work. If there's a large
opening level with the candle, like a mouth,
light the flame through it so you don't burn
your hand.

If your flame is weak or keeps going out, it's
not getting enough oxygen—cut a small opening
in the top of the pumpkin, hidden from sight
behind the stem.

Step 9: Use glow stick or battery-powered light
If you're not keen on having a real flame, use
a glow stick or battery-powered light.

Did You Know?
Because pumpkins weren't common in Europe,
early jack-o'-lanterns were made out of

Original link of the video used in this quiz is

Links to instructions on how to roast pumpkin

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