Quiz #: 26197
(ESL Category: listening) Understanding type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes occurs when your pancreas does not
produce enough insulin and your body is resistant
to the insulin that is produced.
Insulin is a hormone that helps your body use
blood sugar known as glucose for energy.
Your body takes the food you eat and breaks down
fat, protein and carbohydrates for energy. During
the digestion process the carbohydrates from your
food are broken down into glucose. Glucose is
absorbed into the bloodstream where it is carried
to cells throughout your body. A healthy pancreas
releases a regular supply of insulin into your
bloodstream. After you eat your blood glucose
levels rise and your pancreas responds by
releasing more insulin to move the glucose into
your cells.
Insulin acts as a key opening up the cell so it
can accept the glucose.
In a person with type 2 diabetes your insulin
receptors are less sensitive though your pancreas
continues to produce some insulin.
It is not enough to meet your body’s needs. When
your body cells are less responsive to insulin
it is more difficult for glucose enter the cells
and raise your blood glucose level.
As a person with type 2 diabetes it is important
to monitor and maintain healthy blood glucose
Over a long period of time high blood glucose
levels can lead to serious health complications
such as heart attack and stroke, blindness, kidney
failure and nerve damage. By getting daily
physical activity eating a healthy diet and taking
your prescribed medication you’ll decrease your
chances of developing complications from diabetes.

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